Research for FMP

I started planning out my idea for my FMP and wanted to do Radio Drama because it is what I want to go and study in university along television and also because when people listen to the radio they pay more attention than with television; I like the way radio makes your mind think of how the place might looks like just by listening to the sounds.

I decided to do work on radio because the past 2 years of me doing media production I wanted to change to only working on sound and as well doing typography helped my with being carful with working with sound which I enjoyed working on so I decided to continue with working with sound and come up a good idea that would make it more interesting as my final major project so I chose stereotyping because you can make it offensive or funny and with the storylines that that I want to do I wont need no visual to it just the dialogue between the characters.

Codes and conventions of Radio drama.


Words & Voices – Due to the lack of visual in radio, there is no other way for the attention of the audience to be maintained. Radio has to evoke a response from the listener so there is a heavy reliance on the words, and the voice speaking those words, to communicate to the listener.

Speech – This is the way in which the words are spoken, which can be anything from the pitch and volume of a voice to the accent of a voice.

Music & Ambience – As in visual media, this can help in setting the mood, tone and setting of a scene. With radio this becomes more essential due to the lack of visual cues for the audience.

Sound & Silence – With no sound, the listener has only silence. Which is useful for dramatic effect if used well. But should it go on for too long (an ever changing amount of time depending on the attention span of the listener) then the listener will simply switch off. Silence is also used to mark the ending of a scene and as a break in all the dialogue. As with having too much silence, a listener may only be able to listen to so much constant dialogue before switching off.


Aural Signposting – This is where the setting of the scene is established through audio cues (accents, vehicle sounds, background noises) in place of visual (and sometimes literal) signposts.

Cliffhanger Endings – Used in both audio and visual dramas as a way of keeping the interest of the listener. By not giving them everything, the writer keeps them interested while allowing the listener to have their own experience.

Use of Fades & Silence – Used to signify an end of a scene or a change of scenery. Can even be used to note passage of time or simply for dramatic effect, the tool for keeping the listener as captivated by what they hear as possible.

Narration & Direct Speech – With no visual, the audience is effectively blind. A narrator, breaking the “Fourth Wall” and talking directly to the listener, is the guide. They can quickly relay any vital information that would otherwise slow down the pace of the story.

Titles & Credits – Can be used to bookend the story. Simple audio list of key figures in the production (writer/director/primary and secondary cast members


I have been listening to some short radio Dramas on YouTube  and what they sound like  specially the narrated ones.

I then went to BBC Radio and listened to a 15 minutes drama.

I have looked at radio drama script templates on line.

Research on stereotypes 

I did some research about  stereotypes and read about different types stereotypes about gender, skin colour, sexuality

Such national stereotypes, being instantly recognized, play an important role in advertising and comedy. They also play a more serious role in provoking and maintaining conflict and war between nations.

Stereotyping in television

In the musical comedy-drama American television series teenagers singing in a choir and one of the characters which plays the principle who is  Indian.

“This Indian-American authority figure is repeatedly made the butt of ethnic jokes – for example, one character hugs him and says he smells of curry.




Some comedians use stereotyping as a way of telling their jokes which helps the audience understand what they have gone through in their life and also what other nationalities think of them and some of the stereotypes and some people recognize themselves doing the same things as the stereotypes; for example a You Tuber who makes funny videos called This Is A Commentary who has various video’s of black white stereotyping by the their use of language and how white peoples  parenting is completely different from black peoples but he uses these stereotypes in a funny way.

Gender Stereotyping

Traditionally, the female stereotypic role is to marry and have children. She is also to put her family’s welfare before her own; be loving, compassionate, caring, nurturing, and sympathetic; and find time to be sexy and feel beautiful.

The male stereotypic role is to be the financial provider. He is also to be assertive, competitive, independent, courageous, and career‐focused; hold his emotions in check; and always initiate sex. These sorts of stereotypes can prove harmful; they can stifle individual expression and creativity, as well as hinder personal and professional growth.

I have looked at some videos about gender stereotypes in the media and there seems to be many that people do not take notice of.

Examples of stereotypes

  • Asians are all experts in martial arts and good at math.
  • English tolerate eccentric people, drink tea, and are football enthusiasts. They also have bad teeth, talk posh and think they are the better of you.
  • French people never bathe, smoke heavily, always wear a beret, eat frogs’ legs, are rude, and are rather weak and cowardly.
  • Germans and Austrians are Nazis who consume huge amounts of beer, sausages, cabbage and behave like machines. They have no sense of humor.
  • Russians drink vodka and are Communists.
  • Americans are fat, ignorant, war-mongering and/or boorish, don’t know about other countries and talk with stupid accents.
  • Irish are drunk and/or fiery-tempered redheads and have a large amount of children.
  • Chinese Do not respect laws. Talk loud regardless where they are.
  • Jews are careful and obsessed with money, usually do commerce or finance related jobs and many of them are obsessed with religion.
  • Indians smell like curry and either own restaurants or convenience stores, drive taxicabs or are employed in the IT sector or work in the Gas stations. Generally they are thrifty (e.g. bargaining at the stores, etc.), and like to show off/take credits. Are also good talkers.
  • Italian men are chauvinists, mobsters, hot-blooded and/or over-emotional, and live an indulgent lifestyle. Often they are fashionable and elegant looking and drive sport cars.
  • Brazilian women are sexy and Brazilian men are great soccer players.
  • Africans are hard workers.
  • Mexicans are dirty, drink too much tequila, work for little money, are illegal immigrants, and take naps. Sex maniac also.

Speaking from experience as an African people and friends have asked me certain questions because of the  way the media presents Africa, when I tell people that I am African they instantly think poverty, lions, jungle having to walk 20 miles for water and I have been asked what “Did you live in a house or hut in Africa?” questions like that do not offend me in anyway because some people just want to know what the real Africa is and if its the same as the one they see on television for example some of the charity advertisements just show people suffering and need water but it is not the same for all Africans.

 Websites used:



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